Aspects for combustion of waste
Incineration is an important procedure for waste treatment.
Basically there are no alternatives to modern incineration, because since 1 June 2005, the landfilling of untreated waste will be banned in Germany (acc. to TA Municipality Waste), in the European Union (EU) and in many other countries worldwide. Waste may only go to a waste landfill as slag after its combustion. This reduces the need of landfill space, which is scarce and expensive, since the combustion residues need essentially less space.
Furthermore, during biodegradation processes of the untreated waste in the landfilling site, pollutants will be produced that burden the groundwater, the soil and the surrounding air of the landfill site.